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从往年形势看未来苗木产业的发展趋势

时间:2016-01-21 13:15来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:

从最近几年的形势来看,苗木产业在销售上有以下几个特点:一是整体形势良好,多数种类与品种受到市场认可。如垂柳、金丝柳、红叶石楠、香樟、红叶小檗、栾树、法桐、银杏、蜀桧、龙柏 球、红叶李、百日红、碧桃、紫荆、小叶女贞球、刺柏、蜀桧、田槐及小规格垂柳、雪松,价格相对平稳或略有下降,但市场销售依然流畅。香樟、红叶石楠、合 欢、银杏、国槐等苗木一直价格坚挺。价格略有下滑的品种主要是前几年由于价格上升快,各地蜂拥而上大量栽植。各地大规格优质苗木与货源紧缺的种类价格一直 是坚挺上涨,如红叶李、国槐、杜英、龙爪槐等苗木仍处在市场高价位上。二是容器苗销路看好。如容器侧柏、柑橘、油松、白皮松、金叶女贞及用于绿化的果树苗 等,以及部分使用控根设施(包括盆栽)的苗木花卉。蔬菜、果树、食用菌等盆景苗木,也深受市场青睐。三是本地自育苗木受欢迎,调入苗木销售能力有所下降。自育苗木因具有较多的选择性和较强适应性,销售快而且售价高。

从苗(miao)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)产(chan)业(ye)发展(zhan)(zhan)趋势(shi)(shi)(shi)看,有(you)以(yi)下几点(dian):一(yi)(yi)(yi)是(shi)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)大(da)(da)苗(miao)依(yi)旧是(shi)供(gong)不(bu)应(ying)(ying)求。随(sui)着城镇(zhen)化(hua)建(jian)设和(he)(he)各(ge)类(lei)工(gong)业(ye)园(yuan)区(qu)建(jian)设速度加(jia)快,绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)地美(mei)化(hua)环境的(de)大(da)(da)龄(ling)苗(miao)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)供(gong)不(bu)应(ying)(ying)求,如(ru)(ru)湖南的(de) 酸橙,因四(si)季(ji)常青(qing),冬季(ji)有(you)果,已(yi)成(cheng)为长(zhang)江流(liu)域(yu)城镇(zhen)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)的(de)紧俏(qiao)树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),生(sheng)(sheng)长(zhang)10年以(yi)上(shang),胸(xiong)径15-20厘米(mi)的(de)销(xiao)(xiao)售(shou)价(jia)在(zai)(zai)(zai)1500-3000元左右。此外(wai)如(ru)(ru)龙(long)爪 槐、雪松(song)、黄杨、金(jin)丝柳、侧柏(bo)和(he)(he)香樟,培植(zhi)胸(xiong)径在(zai)(zai)(zai)5厘米(mi)以(yi)上(shang)的(de)苗(miao)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu),至(zhi)少需时5年以(yi)上(shang),在(zai)(zai)(zai)市(shi)(shi)(shi)场上(shang)还是(shi)销(xiao)(xiao)售(shou)需求量大(da)(da),成(cheng)抢手货(huo)。二是(shi)高速路和(he)(he)高等级公(gong)路用(yong)苗(miao) 量剧增。主(zhu)要树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)有(you)红叶(ye)(ye)(ye)李(li)、蜀桧、大(da)(da)叶(ye)(ye)(ye)女贞、桧柏(bo)、刺柏(bo)、藤(teng)(teng)本月季(ji)、小叶(ye)(ye)(ye)女贞球(qiu),以(yi)及适宜于(yu)边坡绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)的(de)小叶(ye)(ye)(ye)爬山虎、地锦、凌霄、迎春、紫藤(teng)(teng)、金(jin)银花(hua)(hua)、长(zhang)春 藤(teng)(teng)等需求量大(da)(da)。三(san)是(shi)城市(shi)(shi)(shi)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)以(yi)灌木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)、彩叶(ye)(ye)(ye)树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)和(he)(he)长(zhang)青(qing)树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)为主(zhu),如(ru)(ru)紫荆、百日(ri)红、连翘、榆叶(ye)(ye)(ye)梅、美(mei)人梅、国(guo)(guo)槐、杜(du)英(ying)。彩叶(ye)(ye)(ye)树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)在(zai)(zai)(zai)各(ge)省(sheng)区(qu)的(de)需求一(yi)(yi)(yi)直处于(yu)上(shang)升(sheng)趋 势(shi)(shi)(shi),如(ru)(ru)黄栌、火炬树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)、槭树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)类(lei)、橡栎等彩叶(ye)(ye)(ye)树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)。一(yi)(yi)(yi)些抗逆(ni)性(xing)强的(de)苗(miao)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)销(xiao)(xiao)售(shou)明显(xian)上(shang)升(sheng),树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)移植(zhi)技术(shu)在(zai)(zai)(zai)城市(shi)(shi)(shi)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)中(zhong)首(shou)选种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)类(lei)有(you)丁香、垂柳、红叶(ye)(ye)(ye)树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)、桂花(hua)(hua)、合(he)欢、丝 棉木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)等。四(si)是(shi)立体绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)日(ri)益受到重(zhong)视。一(yi)(yi)(yi)些藤(teng)(teng)架(jia)品种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)、攀援(yuan)植(zhi)物(wu)热销(xiao)(xiao)。如(ru)(ru)紫藤(teng)(teng)、凌霄、地锦、常青(qing)藤(teng)(teng)、三(san)角(jiao)梅等,已(yi)成(cheng)为立体绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)中(zhong)的(de)首(shou)选品种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)。五是(shi)高档(dang)花(hua)(hua)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)市(shi)(shi)(shi)场 已(yi)打开。如(ru)(ru)红枫、紫玉兰、日(ri)本樱花(hua)(hua)、马褂木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)、七(qi)叶(ye)(ye)(ye)树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)等,以(yi)及适宜温室生(sheng)(sheng)长(zhang)的(de)橡皮(pi)树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)、山茶花(hua)(hua)、红掌、一(yi)(yi)(yi)品红、扶(fu)桑(sang)等花(hua)(hua)卉,市(shi)(shi)(shi)场潜力依(yi)旧。适于(yu)华东(dong)地区(qu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)植(zhi)的(de) 海滨木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)槿、醉香含笑、金(jin)合(he)欢、木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)荷、乐东(dong)拟单(dan)性(xing)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)兰等苗(miao)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)已(yi)崭露头(tou)角(jiao),流(liu)苏、黄连木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)、七(qi)叶(ye)(ye)(ye)树(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)、枸骨、异形槐、矮紫杉、洒金(jin)柏(bo)、白(bai)鹃梅、紫叶(ye)(ye)(ye)矮樱、金(jin)焰绣线 菊等已(yi)在(zai)(zai)(zai)我国(guo)(guo)华北地区(qu)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)美(mei)化(hua)中(zhong)的(de)占有(you)量呈增加(jia)之势(shi)(shi)(shi)。六是(shi)造(zao)(zao)型(xing)苗(miao)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)销(xiao)(xiao)路在(zai)(zai)(zai)拓展(zhan)(zhan)。目前(qian)(qian)一(yi)(yi)(yi)些苗(miao)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)者将苗(miao)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)通过先进技术(shu),制作成(cheng)各(ge)式各(ge)样(yang)的(de)造(zao)(zao)型(xing),如(ru)(ru)利(li)用(yong)松(song)柏(bo) 制成(cheng)宝塔型(xing)、亭台楼阁型(xing);利(li)用(yong)苗(miao)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)培植(zhi)成(cheng)马、牛、羊、狗、象等多种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)动物(wu)的(de)造(zao)(zao)型(xing),这些都是(shi)自主(zhu)开发市(shi)(shi)(shi)场的(de)好办法。如(ru)(ru)用(yong)立体绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)植(zhi)物(wu)的(de)扶(fu)芳(fang)藤(teng)(teng),以(yi)前(qian)(qian)只用(yong)于(yu)依(yi)附 墙(qiang)(qiang)体绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)长(zhang)达到绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)化(hua)效果,现在(zai)(zai)(zai)一(yi)(yi)(yi)些苗(miao)木(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)基地将其制成(cheng)扶(fu)芳(fang)藤(teng)(teng)球(qiu),扶(fu)芳(fang)藤(teng)(teng)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)(lv)墙(qiang)(qiang),各(ge)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)动物(wu)和(he)(he)建(jian)筑(zhu)造(zao)(zao)型(xing)等,其销(xiao)(xiao)售(shou)量明显(xian)扩(kuo)展(zhan)(zhan)。因整型(xing)、造(zao)(zao)型(xing)需要一(yi)(yi)(yi)定的(de)时间(jian)(jian)和(he)(he)技 术(shu),所以(yi)短(duan)期(qi)内(nei)不(bu)会出(chu)现过度的(de)市(shi)(shi)(shi)场竞争(zheng),有(you)较大(da)(da)的(de)市(shi)(shi)(shi)场空间(jian)(jian)。

(编辑:admin)